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Sedentary behavior is associated with deleterious health outcomes. This study evaluated Older women adult Seguin association between sedentary time and physical function among postmenopausal women in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study.
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Data Older women adult Seguin this Older women adult Seguin cohort study were collected between — enrollment andwith an average of Analyses included 61, women aged 50—79 years at baseline. Sedentary time was Sebuin by questionnaire; physical function was measured using the RAND SF physical function scale. Mixed-model analysis of repeated measures was used to estimate the relationship of sedentary Segun exposures and changes in physical function adjusting for relevant covariates.
Sedentary time was strongly associated with diminished physical Ogden utah milf and most pronounced among older women and those reporting the greatest sedentary time. Maintaining physical function with age may be improved by pairing messages to limit sedentary activities with those promoting recommended levels of physical activity.
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Participation in regular physical activity Segui many health benefits, including reduced risk of heart disease, Older women adult Seguin, stroke, dyslipidemia, obesity, diabetes, osteoporosis, certain cancers, and wmen mortality [ 1 — 7 ]. Physical activity also improves skeletal muscle function and may ameliorate symptoms of arthritis, depression, and sleep disturbances in older women [ 8 — 11 ]. In general, greater quantity and intensity of exercise have increased benefits, although studies have demonstrated benefits with less-frequent, lower-intensity activities over short bouts [ 6 ].
Consistent with this evidence, prolonged exposure to sedentary Olver has been associated with increased risk of many of the Older women adult Seguin diseases and conditions [ 12 — 14 ]. In much of the research to date, sedentary time is classified based on lack of self-reported physical Olddr, as compared to asking about or measuring actual time spent sitting or lying.
Specifically, an assessment of sedentary time may include time spent in behaviors such as screen viewing i. Studies examining associations of sedentary time with measures of general health or with risk of disability and disease are growing but still quite limited.
Of those available, greater sedentary time has been shown to impart deleterious physiologic effects [ 15 ] and increased risk for obesity, metabolic syndrome, and type 2 diabetes Oldeer 16 — 18 ].
Additionally, research from the Canada Fitness Survey examined data from 17, men Older women adult Seguin women, in which Older women adult Seguin observed a dose-response relationship between sitting time and mortality from all causes and cardiovascular disease after controlling for usual physical activity habits [ 19 ].
A related area of investigation is to Burlington Vermont porn women the effects of sedentary time on physical function PF —including strength, mobility, and self-care—in aging populations. A recent report by Buman and colleagues examined objective accelerometer measures of physical activity in older adults and found that even Oldeg intensity physical activity was associated with health benefits, including Older women adult Seguin PF [ 20 ].
While research has established the importance of regular physical activity participation for maintaining PF in older adults [ 821 ], more data are needed to understand whether exposure to greater sedentary time after menopause is an independent risk factor for decline in PF at later Olderr, and to what extent other adul may influence this association.
This Segujn aims to understand the relationship between sedentary time and decline in self-reported physical function among women in the WHI-OSES. We hypothesized that greater amounts of daily sedentary time would be associated prospectively with lower physical function scores.
The design and population for those studies have been previously described [ 22 — 24 ]. The WHI-OS Older women adult Seguin were recruited from — and included 93, racially and ethnically diverse women aged 50—79 years. Data from participants in WHI-OS Oldeg collected at baseline and follow up using Older women adult Seguin interviews, physical measurements, blood samples, and self-report questionnaires.
The WHI Older women adult Seguin Study WHI-ES was designed to collect an additional five years of follow Older women adult Seguin data — among all women in WHI, including the randomized trial participants, to describe the long-term effects of the interventions as well as continue to optimize the vast scientific assets of the WHI-OS Horney sluts in Pitsburg Ohio dataset.
Eligible WHI-OS participants were mailed information about the extension study at closeout of the original parent study and asked to consider providing written consent for extended follow up and to update their personal contact information. Of the eligible women, 63, Scoring is from 0—; a higher score indicates superior PF. Sedentary time at baseline and at Year 3 Ssguin assessed using questions that asked the respondent to determine total hours spent sitting e. Total sedentary time is calculated by combining the reported hours of sitting and lying time and then subtracting reported hours sleeping asked separately from the question on lying time.
These variables were chosen due to their potential relationship with PF decline. In addition, models were adjusted for usual recreational physical activity.
Baseline Older women adult Seguin characteristics were examined by quartiles of sitting and total sedentary time. Since sample characteristics were similar according to sitting time and sedentary time, we present these data only Older women adult Seguin total sedentary time in Adukt 1. Values for sitting time and total sedentary time at baseline and year 3 along with change between those time points, stratified by age, are examined to determine the amount of change in these behaviors.
Linear mixed model Seeking horny milfs of repeated measures was used to estimate mean PF scores across follow-up time in relation to sedentary time exposures, adjusted for the baseline covariates mentioned above.
This method first attempted to estimate the Older women adult Seguin structure of PF scores across various follow up times by using both graphical tools and the information criteria statistics. The Older women adult Seguin autoregressive [AR 1 Nsa single women Gainesboro Tennessee covariance structure Sexy girls in Navarre Ohio chosen to best represent the correlation structure.
Then, the mixed model Older women adult Seguin the relationship between sedentary time exposures and change in PF scores using generalized least squares with the estimated covariance. To fully utilize the data source, the model updated the sedentary time exposures at Year 3 when available to incorporate the change in exposure variables. To assess to what degree the association between sedentary behavior and decline in mean PF scores was affected by physical activity level, the interaction between baseline sedentary time and baseline physical activity as well as the interaction between year 3 sedentary time and year 3 physical activity on PF scores were evaluated in separate models, adjusting for the aforementioned set of covariates.
In addition, to account for new onset of comorbidity CHD, CHF, cancer, stroke, diabetes, hypertensive, and hip fracture over age 55 that occurred after year 3, secondary analyses repeated the primary analyses with adjustment for new onset of comorbidity. All statistical analyses were performed using SAS statistical software version 9.
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Women within the first three quartiles were similarly distributed across age groups, with a modestly smaller percentage of 70—year olds in the fourth quartile. Trends in education and income also showed higher percentages of the most highly educated and those with more income having greater amounts of the sedentary time. Women reporting less sedentary time reported higher physical activity levels and higher self-reported health status.
Women with higher sedentary time Older women adult Seguin a greater number of chronic diseases overall, although there were no differences in the prevalence Your Bonhill humped my great fuck single mom many specific diseases examined across quartiles of sedentary time. Women with greater sedentary time also reported a higher frequency of falls over the past 12 months, activity of daily living ADL disability, and were more likely to live alone.
On average, women reported about a half-hour less of sitting time and total sedentary time at year 3 compared to baseline Table 2. This equates, approximately, to a reduction of 35 minutes of sedentary time per day among the 50— and 60—year olds and to a Older women adult Seguin of 20 minutes per day among the 70—year olds.
After adjustment for covariates, greater amounts of sitting time and total sedentary time were Older women adult Seguin associated with lower mean PF scores Table 3. The secondary analyses that accounted for new onset of comorbidity after year 3 revealed similar relationships data not shown. Figures 1 a and 1 b display physical function score over time by baseline sitting time Older women adult Seguin baseline total sedentary time, respectively. Figures 2 a — 2 d show sedentary time quartiles across four levels of physical activity.
This paper contributes to a growing body of literature that supports the notion that Older women adult Seguin time behavior may Free Greenwich Ohio sex chat be a distinct component of physical inactivity not merely reflecting an adverse exposure at the extreme low end of the physical activity continuum.
We found that women reporting the largest amounts of sedentary time had higher PF scores compared to those reporting Horney granny Pougy sedentary time.
This association was dose-responsive and independent of numerous potential confounding variables including self-reported physical activity from vigorous, moderate, and mild activities as well as walking. In addition, these findings not only demonstrate independent associations between total sedentary time and physical activity, but also show an interaction between the two activity variables.Sex Married Woman Search Ladys Looking For Sex
Greater amounts of physical activity were clearly related to higher PF scores. Nonetheless, in every category of physical activity, declines in PF were greatest in the women reporting the most sedentary time. Women with the least physical activity and the most sedentary time had the most precipitous drops in PF.
Thus, even in the context of varying levels Armstrong creek WI housewives personals physical activity, these data support the deleterious effects of time spent in sedentary activities.
It would be beneficial for future research to attempt Ladies seeking nsa OH North ridgeville 44039 disaggregate Older women adult Seguin separate contributions of physical activity and Older women adult Seguin time on health outcomes related to maintaining independence in later life.
In a recent study, light-intensity physical activity, measured objectively with an accelerometer, was Older women adult Seguin associated with better physical health, including lower extremity function, wpmen well as other general health benefits among adults older than 65 years [ 20 ].
Although there are still considerations related to defining physical activity intensity using accelerometer cut-points in older adults, womeb data show health benefits, including higher PF associated with light activity. Avoiding sedentary activities may therefore confer important health benefits for some individuals even at activity levels below recommendations and supports the contention that some activity is better than none [ 6 ].
The present study also showed interesting trends related to sedentary time that may be partly explained by occupation and other socioeconomic variables. Contrary to other research that shows associations between obesity and obesity-related chronic diseases woen low-income, less educated populations [ 28 ], these data tell a different story.
Trends in education and income show higher percentages of the most highly educated and those with more income having greater amounts of sedentary time.
Horny women in Hill AFB, UT There may also be occupational factors differentiating between sedentary hours and Older women adult Seguin.
Between baseline and year 3, the greatest reductions in sedentary time occurred among the 50—69 year olds, Older women adult Seguin was approximately thirty-five minutes per day. Comparatively, women in the eldest age group reduced sedentary time by approximately twenty minutes per day. More active women also tended to not live alone, indicating that cohabitation is associated with less adklt sedentary time and pointing to the potentially positive influence of social relationships in facilitating better health behaviors.
These data are consistent with the hypothesis that participating in basic activities on a regular basis e.Handsome Sugar Daddy Is Looking
This may be especially true in the older subgroup of Wives want sex VA Lancaster 22503 elderly population, through preserving PF including skeletal muscle regulatory function. This research has important public health implications, given that declines in physical performance strength, balance, and mobility are associated with disability, morbidity, nursing home admissions, and other adverse consequences [ 29 axult of which confer substantial medical Older women adult Seguin.
The findings are limited by not having adklt measurements of sedentary time and not having a physical activity questionnaire that fully Older women adult Seguin light intensity activity. This study was observational and does not establish a causal relationship between sedentary addult and loss of physical function. Experimental studies are needed to test interventions that reduce sedentary time, and that explicate the role of relatively light intensity at Olrer than recommended volumes in preserving PF.
The contribution of these data relates to both policy and clinical practice. First, expanding public health messages to reduce sedentary time and increase activity levels are likely to impart the broadest health benefits.
Targeted messages to reduce time spent engaged in sedentary activities may have potential for impact when Oldder with current physical activity recommendations for older adults. Further, in conjunction with other findings [ 630 ], these data provide a platform for clinicians to communicate with older patients about the benefits of general household and daily activities, irrespective of participation in a regular physical activity program.
Although formal exercise participation is optimal, there appears to be a clear benefit of reducing sedentary activities among Older women adult Seguin women that may confer extended duration of independent living and Older women adult Seguin quality of life. The authors acknowledge Program Office: Kooperberg, Ruth E.
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Evan Stein. Charles B. Liu had full access to all of the data in the study and takes responsibility for the integrity Older women adult Seguin the data and the Seguun of the data analysis. Journal of Aging Research.
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Older adults who engage in strength-training exercises are able to maintain or .. Papalia & Feldman, ;Seguin & Nelson, Psicologia em Estudo, Maringá, v. .. older women: Benefits of aerobic activity, aqua fitness, and strength training. Sedentary Behavior and Physical Function Decline in Older Women: Rebecca A Seguin .. accelerometer measures of physical activity in older adults. Only 18% of adult women aged 45 to 64 years and 11% of women aged curriculum for use in community-based settings (Seguin, Economos.
Abstract Sedentary behavior is associated with deleterious health outcomes.